Transphobia refers to fear and hostility toward people who are transgender or who don’t fit into traditional gender norms. Transphobia may be manifested in a number of ways; the most serious of which include harassment, discrimination, and violence. It is often associated with homophobia because lesbians and gay men often transgress gender norms in their appearance and behavior.
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One of the most common manifestations of transphobia is anxiety about whether a person is male or female. The notion that gender identity can be fluid or fragile can raise fear, anger, discomfort, or even disgust among people who firmly subscribe to the gender binary. Some people believe that transphobia is also fueled by the insecurities people may have about their own gender and gender norms. While homophobia, racism, and sexism are increasingly becoming unacceptable views, transphobia is a form of discrimination that still persists in part because of the lack of education most people have about sexuality and sexual identity.